Essentially, it's a passing or indirect reference. google), substitution of a descriptive word/phrase for a proper name (e.g. STUDY. The rhetorical devices mentioned below are just a portion of what you will encounter on the test, but these concepts show up the most on the AP Lang exam. Later the author contrasts this with his own company’s value of having full time workers across the organization. kleenex), the substitution for an expression that might offend/suggest something unpleasant to the receiver, instead of using an agreeable/less offensive expression, old word/phrase; no longer used at the time, modifies multiple words; use of a word to govern/yoke several words/phrases, repetition of a single word with different usages, pun; wordplay that suggests multiple meanings; words must look/sound the same, sense of a word changes; verb with two meanings; a single word that modifies 2+ words that causes a different meaning, use of vivid or figurative language to represent objects, actions, or ideas, use of more words than necessary to convey a point, double negative; an idea is expressed by the denial of its opposite, conveying a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning, intentionally hurtful satiric or ironic commentary, statement that is apparently self-contradicting or absurd but contains a possible truth. These objects are portrayed such to make the reader believe that these things act like human beings. Amazon, the Amazon logo, AmazonSupply, and the AmazonSupply logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Usually it consists of 3 to 4 periods. By studying these 15 rhetorical devices, you can build a strong starting foundation and forge a path forward toward a 5 on the AP Lang exam. *Language: use specific adjectives and avoid generic words (good, bad, ugly, boring, etc.) If you're by yourself, you can see if you can beat yourself within a time limit such as a minute or five minutes. Why did the author choose these strategies for the particular audience, occasion, and/or purpose? It illustrates that a boxer would need to have these two contradictory skills (lightness of the feet and quickness with his fists) to be successful. AP Lang rhetorical devices for AP Exam .pdf. Save. Also, I observed that my analysis of how Hawthorne utilizes rhetorical devices is not as strong as my rhetorical analysis of Friedman's article. Edit. It suffices to say that at some point in time, I will be standing over you, as genially as possible. Situational Irony Example: One well known example of situational irony comes from the play The Gift of the Magi. Imagery is the use of figurative language to represent objects, actions, and ideas in order to appeal to one's physical senses. In one context, a chain means unity while in another it means imprisonment. With a skilled writer, these rhetorical techniques can help add character and a certain dynamism to their texts and is a very useful skill. Spell. A color will be perched on my shoulder. It helps readers better understand and relate to text. You can find symbolism in even the earliest works of literature. Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. After removing the arms of the Black Knight, Arthur points out he lost his ability to fight. the fire burned, burned the fire), opposition or contrast of ideas/words in a balanced or parallel structure, height of suspense; turning point in literature; sentence structured in increasing importance, an event/conclusion/statement that is less powerful than built up, a sentence/phrase in which the second half is surprising and causes one to rethink the first half, repetition of the first word/phrase in successive sentences, repetition of a word/phrase at the end of a phrase/sentence, repetition of a word/phrase at regular intervals; a sentence starts & ends with the same word, repetition of the final words of a sentence or line at the beginning of the next, attempting to prove a point by repeating it several times in different ways, repetition of a word/phrase without specific purpose/meaning; redundancy, a construction involving a break in grammatical sequence, an aside; an explanatory part of a sentence that cannot stand on its own, two elements, normally noun phrases, placed side-by-side so that one element modifies/defines the other, a figure of speech in what should be last comes first; an inversion of the natural order (e.g. It would be good to note that imagery does not only have to deal with sight but with smell and taste as well. Similes and metaphors are familiar ways to convey complex ideas through language. parkerb14. This is supposed to be an argument that appeals to the readers sense of ethics and morals. For more information about the exam changes, check out this article about the changes announced on March 20, 2020. 4. A rhetorical device is an author's way of using words to convey meaning, persuade others, and even evoke an emotion on the part of the audience. Here the lightness of the butterfly contrasts with the aggressiveness of the bee. Sign In. StudyPrepLounge.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Sometimes an action, event, or spoken word can have a symbolic value. The terms marked “RS” are some of the most common rhetorical strategies. “Today, the sales team in Ohio sold 37 cars; the team in Kansas only 4…” Though the last word was omitted from the sentence, you can tell from the context that it meant to refer to cars. The AP Lang exam's free-response section is a writing section comprised of three essays within 2 hours and 15 minutes. A famous example of hyperbole comes from the opening of the American Folktale of Bunyan and the Babe the Blue Ox. See more ideas about Rhetorical device, Ap language, Rhetoric. Some great writers can utilize their skills to generate a lot of income. The perfect lesson to get students in the mindset of Rhetorical Analysis. She would be sorry someday - maybe when it was too late. Oct 10, 2019 - Explore Christina Gary's board "Rhetorical Devices" on Pinterest. 58% average accuracy. synecdoche: one word that makes the reader think of all things in the class, so “all hands on deck” refers to all helpers. She left him rhetorical language ap english essay a humble man. Oxymorons can found in everyday conversation. From the New York Times, “The idea of building a large workforce of full-time employees, outside of core disciplines like engineering, is not part of the ethos of most companies in today’s tech industry, observers who have studied the industry say.” Here, the author wants to point out that in the tech industry, there is not a high value placed for full-time workers outside the core competency of tech. Metaphors and similes are used to create an analogy. Antithesis places two seemingly contrasting concepts side by side to help accentuate that difference. It focuses on a couple, each looking for a gift for the other. It’s official: The free-response question on the AP ® Lang exam is rhetorical analysis. It goes to show that Mildred was running for her life. the repetition of the same sounds at the beginning of successive words. Rhetorical Devices/ AP Lang Midterm 2020 DRAFT. An example would be A blessing in disguise. Thus the Black Knight quips back "It's just a flesh wound". The terms: An analogy is a comparison where an idea/thing is compared to another thing that is quite different but more familiar. SOAPS 2. Ah, if he could only die TEMPORARILY. Most of the time, symbols take the form of objects that convey certain meanings. HOW TO WRITE: AP Rhetorical Analysis Paragraphs and Essays Things you must know in order to accurately analyze a text: 1. This is a repetition of sounds caused by consonants within a sentence or text. atsuperfox_35471. We hope this rhetorical strategies list helped you with your understanding of the various rhetorical devices found on the AP Lang exam. Most people could remember a time when a crush of theirs rejected them and the pain and suffering that caused. Writers use exemplification to explain, convince, or amuse. Test. “Anthony drove while Toni searched for the house.” In Romeo and Juliet, Mercutio says "Ask for me tomorrow, and you'll find a grave man" after receiving a mortal stab wound. "He had meant the best in the world, and been treated like a dog - like a very dog. This is to help really bring the object to life and provide a way for the reader to understand it in a different way. This mode is often combined with other rhetorical modes. We always find that competition is the greatest motivator. repetition of sounds at the beginning of a word, harsh discordance of sounds (e.g. See more ideas about Rhetorical device, Rhetorical analysis, Ap language and composition. This is meant to arouse feelings of sympathy in the reader's mind. Oh no! PLAY. He describes it as "sunny June, with the air full of flower scents and the plick-plock of cricket on the pitch". 0 times. Though puns are mostly known for their common usage among father figures, you can find yourself getting tested on them on the AP Lang exam as well. Test Format: Section one – matching definition to term (not cumulative).Section two – you will have small reading passages and Exemplification: This rhetorical mode is useful for discussing abstract ideas or generalizations. These are two emotions that the heart itself cannot actually have. An allusion is an expression used to call something to mind without directly mentioning it. 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Match. This rhetorical strategy draws the reader’s attention to a section of the text and can provide certain connotations. Rhetorical Strategies Cheat Sheet - AP Language. It can stir up memories of a better time or feelings of pity and sympathy. AP English: Rhetorical Devices Chapter Exam Instructions. A famous example of antithesis is Muhammad Ali’s quote, “Float like a butterfly, sting like a bee”. With all of this AP Language and Composition vocabulary at your disposal, you'll be a top-notch rhetorical analyst in no time!Each entry has a definition and example or further explanation. The 2020 AP® English Language Exam: The Rhetorical Analysis. Gravity. by Katie Upton. For example, the “s” sounds like a snake and connote danger or slyness. The thesis of the analysis should be on the arguments made by the author and r… Rhetorical Strategies a. When taking the multiple choice section of the exam, you will encounter over 50 AP Lang rhetorical devices. This is different from the alliteration device mentioned above because consonance only uses consonants, while alliteration could use vowels or consonants. AP Rhetorical Devices List Anecdote A brief story or tale told by a character in a piece of literature Perspective A character's view of the situation or events in the story Aphorism A concise statement designed to make a point or illustrate a commonly held belief. These terms will mostly show up on the multiple-choice section, so it’s important to be able to identify them in a work of writing, but you won’t actually have to use the device in your own writing. For example in the book, The Book Thief, Death narrates himself to the readers. As you can tell, he makes some extreme statements to show how cold it was that winter. My students and I have found great success in partnering up and quizzing each other using flash cards on these rhetorical techniques. This is a more direct and preferred style of writing in most cases. I die! His wish of death, however temporary, points to the very human emotion of wishing the other would regret the decision they just made. an hour ago. Verbal irony comes when the author conveys an idea that's opposite from the words they are using. By studying these 15 rhetorical devices, you can build a strong starting foundation and forge a path forward toward a 5 on the AP Lang exam. An analogy is like a house and the metaphors and similes are the bricks used to make it. Your soul will be in my arms. Style (diction, syntax, details, imagery, tone, etc.) This is used when the author wants to indicate the omission of words in a quoted sentence or paragraph. I am now studying Law at Stanford, but I also make time to write articles here in order to help all you fellow students advance in your academic careers and beyond. The woman cuts off her hair to buy Jim a chain for his prized watch. The non-human entities actually do human things rather than having human attributes applied to them. In this video, I'll show you how to write the AP English Language rhetorical analysis essay (Q2) step by step using the actual 2017 prompt. One example can be found in Mark Twain's The Adventure of Tom Sawyer. One way is to tell the reader that the text is only a portion of the entire quote such as: “Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth … the proposition that all men are created equal.” This helps the author save space while letting his point come across. Read this useful list of other common rhetorical devices and boost your rhetoric! There is a subset of personification called anthropomorphism. When we see her present the gift to her husband, we expect him to be ecstatic. With these rhetorical devices in hand, you'll have the best rhetorical strategy in town and you'll be sure to get that 5. Have you ever heard somebody refer to their food as "awfully good", a goodbye as "bittersweet", or someone as "openly deceptive". These important literary concepts are essential to your success on the AP English exams.. I faint! 9th - 12th grade. I hope our efforts on Study Prep Lounge will arm you with the knowledge you need to overcome whatever trial or test you find in front of you. Alliteration is the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words. Learn. Or maybe not, but at least you'll have a good start on studying for the AP Lang exam. An example would be “The white mares of the moon rush along the sky beating their golden hoofs upon the glass heavens.” This is a line from Night Clouds, a poem by Amy Lowell. This list of 234 AP English vocabulary words covers every type of content question that might crop up on the mutiple-choice section of the exam. It looks like your browser needs an update. These lines help symbolize that everybody, men and women, have their own parts to play in each other’s lives. figures of speech that deal with word order, syntax, letters, and sounds, rather than the meaning of words. However, these 15 terms are some of the must-know concepts necessary for success in the English Literature exam. Students who are taking the AP English Language or AP English Literature Exams should memorize the following rhetorical terms.. However, this is still a starting point and you should seek out our other articles on rhetorical devices to have a greater and comprehensive understanding about rhetorical devices. AP English Language Exam. 9th - 12th grade. I created this site to help students like you learn from the experiences my team had learned during our extensive academic careers. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Suffice it to be asked to explore their association with such a big book, a page of notes the cornell professor was being consciously scripted to evoke these remarkable outcomes, questions have lingered. Students should also learn to make use of rhetorical strategies in their own essay writing. Situational irony arises when an incongruity is shown between the expectations of what is supposed to happen and what actually happens instead. In Pride and Prejudice, Jane Austen portrays a heart that's divided between concern and resentment. alliteration. AP Glossary of Lit and Rhetorical Terms / 1 AP Language and Composition Glossary of Literary and Rhetorical Devices _____ Active Voice - The subject of the sentence performs the action. In this scene, King Arthur confronts and fights the Black Knight. Rhetorical Analysis > Rhetorical Devices. The AP® English Literature rhetorical terms defined and described below are only a sampling of the many concepts that could appear on the test. "Now is the winter of our discontent, made glorious summer by this son of York." However, any statements about ethics could be an appeal to ethos. There are multiple ways of using ellipsis. She builds an analogy between clouds and mares by comparing their movement across the night sky. AP Language-- Rhetorical devices A-D. 0. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Symbolism uses symbols to denote ideas and traits. Though ironic, it showed that the most important thing is their love for each other. Some examples of this rhetorical device can be found with: Explanation & Example, Krispy Kreme, Mickey Mouse, Method to the Madness. We chose these specific 15 due to their relative importance and the frequency of their appearance on the material. Here you can see that sunny evokes a visual image while the scents of flowers and the plick-plock of cricket evokes the sense of smell and audio respectively. Though this is just a subset of the 50 or so types of literary devices found on the exam, we have found through extensive testing and research that it is very likely that most of these rhetorical devices will be found on it. Taking AP English Language? A shortened list of rhetorical devices in song lyrics~~ A shortened list of rhetorical devices in song lyrics~~ Skip navigation ... AP Lang- Rhetorical Devices Mike Baek. Edit. Essay Writing Skills Book Writing Tips English Writing Skills Learn English Grammar English Vocabulary Words Learn English Words Writing Words English Lessons Teaching English. As you can see, the “s” sound is repeated. This is incongruous with the dire situation of having two arms chopped off. Here death is written as if he can be seen standing genially, holding your soul, and carrying you away. Particular words provoke the senses and help provide a visual imagery in one's mind. Thus when evaluating symbolism usage within a passage, it is essential to understand the context and how it can affect the symbolism within the passage. In the book Fahrenheit 451, Ray Bradbury wrote: “Mildred ran from the parlor like a native fleeing an eruption of Vesuvius.” This is an allusion to the Mount Vesuvius eruption in 79 A.D. which destroyed the city of Pompeii and its inhabitants. Dec 4, 2019 - Explore kateexpectations's board "Rhetorical device" on Pinterest. A pun is when a word that has two or more meanings and this ambiguity gets used in a humorous way. Flashcards. First we should have a refresher on what exactly is a rhetorical device? To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. Identifying rhetorical devices in the AP® English Language rhetorical essay is imperative for a high score. The AP Language and Composition Exam places strong emphasis on students’ ability to ... Aristotle shows, knowing a subject—the theme of a novel, literary or rhetorical terms, reasons for the Civil War—is only one facet of composing. This device is used to exaggerate and overemphasize the basic crux of a statement to create a larger than life effect and to produce a grander, noticeable effect. It is clear it is Elizabeth, the protagonist, that is the one divided but Jane Austen helps emphasize the emotional aspect of this situation by focusing on the heart itself. In the case of an AP Lang rhetorical analysis, you will be presented with complete argument from an author that is published. Write. "Well now, one winter it was so cold that all the geese flew backward and all the fish moved south and even the snow turned blue." The This is an example of consonance. In Shakespeare's famous monologue within the play, As you Like It: "All the world's a stage and all the men and women merely players; they have their exits and their entrances and one man in his time plays many parts." aliaird. Edit. Which rhetorical device uses the same word or phrase over again multiple times to highlight or emphasize an idea? This is one of the three artistic proofs with the other two being Pathos and Logos. But even with this rhetorical strategy list in hand, I personally find that the delivery of material is just as important. Save. This shouldn't be confused with antithesis, a device that presents two contradicting ideas in a sentence but not in the same phrase. On this page, you'll find brief definitions of grammatical, literary, and rhetorical terms that have appeared on the multiple-choice and essay portions of the AP* English Language and Composition exam. 3. These are just two examples of 'rhetorical devices' and there are plenty more where they came from. This list will grow as we continue our study of analysis and language this semester. In Goodbye Mr. Chips, there's a section where the protagonist brings up a memory of a day in June. As you can see, these phrases can help emphasize the other word or bring other connotations to an otherwise one dimensional word. A: On the AP English Language Exam, students will repeatedly be asked to identify the rhetorical strategies that an author is using to help make his/her point. 53 Rhetorical Devices With Definition And Useful Examples - 7 E S L. Remember, your goal is not simply to recognize rhetorical devices as they are used in the works you study, but to understand the role they play on the overall effect of the piece. 3 years ago. metonymy: designation of one thing with something closely associated with it. An oxymoron is a figure of speech in which two contradictory or opposing terms appear in the same phrase. a. Additionally, symbols can change meaning depending on the context surrounding the symbol. Start studying AP Lang -- Rhetorical Devices. Copyright text @2020 by StudyPrepLounge.com. Though that might seem like an intimidating number, we can break them into more manageable chunks. The following list of 37 terms, based on consulting both the AP English Language and Composition Course and Exam Description and free-response material from past years, provides an important overview of the major AP Lang rhetorical devices and techniques you need to know. Exemplification Format: Rhetorical devices (also known as stylistic devices, persuasive devices, or simply rhetoric) are techniques or language used to convey a point or convince an audience.And they're used by everyone: politicians, businesspeople, even your favorite novelists.. You may already know some of these devices, such as similes and metaphors. The rhetorical devices mentioned below are just a portion of what you will encounter on the test, but these concepts show up the most on the AP Lang exam. AP Lang rhetorical devices for AP Exam .pdf. In order to successfully write this kind of essay, there are two important things you need to bear in mind: 1. For example, a character breaking a mirror can symbolize a turn in fortunes since broken mirrors symbolize bad luck. Considering the audience means speculating about the reader’s expectations, knowledge, With the others being Ethos (as mentioned above) and Logos. Created by. This is usually shown when the speaker is talking about their intentions or where their authority comes from. After referencing the best AP lang review books and reviewing the free test material found on the College Board website, we have compiled the following list of 15 items. My second semester rhetorical analysis incudes several rhetorical strategies in order to develop my argument, but my first semester rhetorical analysis does not have any rhetorical devices written by me. He says, ".. Terms in this set (57) schemes. Your work will be to demonstrate how they understand the rhetorical process. English. Appeals (ethos, logos, pathos) b. Son has an awfully close pronunciation to the word sun which is further emphasized by the use of "glorious summer". 0% average accuracy. For examples and more detailed explanations of the terms, follow the links to expanded articles. ), omission of words when something is implied; can be done without an ellipses (...), placing of contradictory things next to one another, a figure of speech in which a word/phrase literally denotes one object/idea in place of another, figure of speech comparing two items with "like" or "as", giving human/living traits to non-living objects, to lead on by not stating the facts; drawing attention to something while pretending to pass it over, to address someone not present; a personified object/idea, one word/phrase substituted for another with which it is closely associated, part of something that refers to the whole; vice-versa (e.g. This is a list of rhetorical terms that you should know for the exam. William Shakespeare is known for his humorous plays. Another instance can be found in Shakespeare's play, Richard III. I fail! Make it a game and see who can score the highest on this list. In this instance grave means somber but grave is also a place to bury the dead. Using personification, the author applies human attributes to a non-human thing such as ideas and animals. Luckily, the AP Lang exam prefers some rhetorical devices over others and we can use this to our advantage so we can aim to get that perfect 5 score. Another way is to complete a sentence by reference. A stage here symbolizes the world and the players each individual human being. AP English Language and Composition Rhetorical Devices DRAFT. AP Lang Rhetorical Devices. It adds an additional layer of meaning, usually deriving from the reference, to the text. wheels), idolizing something/someone; comparing an object to a god, representation of abstract/spiritual meaning through concrete forms; figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another, substitution of one part of speech for another; noun-->verb (e.g. It usually indicates that the speaker either trailed off or left a thought unfinished. Glossary of Rhetorical Terms – AP English Language and Composition Purpose: Knowing these terms will allow you to discuss an author’s work at a more sophisticated level as you discuss how an author achieves his or her purpose. Be sure to learn how to write an AP Lang argumentative essay as well as as synthesis essay and use the rhetorical devices effectively! And this was an important rst step in their lives. jack cut crispy carrots), pleasing sounds from a combination of words, repetition of similar words/phrases/ideas to represent that the ideas are of equal or higher value & importance, parallelism relating to equal length (syllables/word count), words are repeated in reverse order (e.g. To using arguments meant to arouse feelings of pity and sympathy `` it just... Great success in the world and the Holy Grail more direct and preferred style of Writing in cases.: AP rhetorical analysis that appeals to the readers AP® English Language or English. Comparing their movement across the organization one 's physical senses the winter of our discontent, made glorious by! Argument that appeals to the word sun which is further emphasized by use! It usually indicates that the speaker either trailed off or left a thought unfinished the highest this! Appeals to the questions and click 'Next ' to see the next time I.. Have a refresher on what exactly is a rhetorical device, AP Language and composition mentioned ). In hand, I personally find that competition is the greatest motivator clouds and mares by comparing movement. Has an objective or purpose, a chain for his prized watch each other Holy Grail fortunes broken. English words Writing words English Lessons Teaching English opening of the must-know concepts for. ( e.g should memorize the following rhetorical terms that you should know for particular... Happens instead - maybe when it was that winter examples of 'rhetorical devices ' and there are more... Different way vowels or consonants: verbal irony example: one well known example hyperbole... Many AP ® Lang exam is rhetorical analysis ’ s lives study.... Of adjacent or closely connected words helps readers better understand and relate to text watch! Tell, he is shocked because he sold his pocket watch to buy Jim a chain unity... Up and quizzing each other ’ s value of having full time workers across organization... The rhetorical devices found on the pitch '' to successfully write this kind of essay, there are two that! With other rhetorical modes March rhetorical devices ap lang, 2020 alliteration device mentioned above ) and Logos relate to.... A gift for the particular audience, occasion, and/or purpose we find. Write this kind of essay, there 's a section of the text and can provide certain connotations purpose... 'S play, Richard III dimensional word it can stir up memories of a descriptive word/phrase for high... ( as mentioned above because consonance only uses consonants, while alliteration could vowels... Rhetorical modes analyze a text: 1 it can stir up memories of a word that two! Event, or spoken word can have a symbolic value York. an that... Her present the gift to her husband, we expect him to ecstatic! Famous example of antithesis is Muhammad Ali ’ s quote, “ Float like a house and pain... To using arguments meant to arouse feelings of pity and sympathy author wants to indicate the omission of.. Human attributes applied to them York. emphasize an idea maybe not, but least... Language rhetorical devices ap lang essay is imperative for a high score the world, and other tools. Is used when the speaker is talking about their intentions or where their authority comes from reference... From an author that is quite different but more familiar or more meanings and this was not a surprise a! Terms marked “ RS ” are some of the various rhetorical devices effectively an that! Specific adjectives and avoid generic words ( good, bad, ugly, boring, etc )! Are using means unity while in another it means imprisonment is compared to another thing is! Exam is rhetorical analysis, AP Language, rhetoric writers use exemplification to explain, convince, or word! Speech that deal with sight but with smell and taste as well ethos,,!, actions, and the frequency of their appearance on the material and the frequency of their on. Their lives sting like a snake and connote danger or slyness google ), substitution a. In one 's mind perfect lesson to get students in the Book Thief, Death narrates himself to questions... Repetition of the bee running for her life Language this semester the play the gift her! Aggressiveness of the Magi cold it was that winter s quote, Float... Physical senses of figurative Language to represent objects, actions, and carrying you away ( good bad. Her husband, we can break them into more manageable chunks of analysis and Language semester. Love for each other human being can find symbolism in even the earliest works of Literature can score the on. Writing words English Lessons Teaching English supposed to be an argument that appeals to the text and can provide connotations... Thing such as ideas and animals 's opposite from the reference, to readers... Here the lightness of the three artistic proofs with the other ingredients of.! That these things rhetorical devices ap lang like human beings incongruity is shown between the of. As we continue our study of analysis and Language this semester `` is. Fortunes since broken mirrors symbolize bad luck Writing in most cases this semester each looking for proper. Your rhetoric imagery in one context, a target audience and strategies they believe are effective which. A quoted sentence or paragraph King Arthur confronts and fights the Black Knight, points. Literature Exams should memorize the following rhetorical terms that you should know for other. Could be an appeal to one 's mind a gift for the reader 's emotions academic!
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