It is found on the eastern coast of Africa and other places in the western Indo-Pacific region. Washington, DC, USA: USDA Forest Service, 690-692. http://www.issg.org/database/welcome/. Its viviparous "seeds", in actuality called propagules, become fully mature plants before dropping off the parent tree. We suggest you upgrade to a modern browser. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. These are dispersed by water until eventually embedding in the shallows. International Journal of Tropical Plant Diseases, 2(2):85-88. R. mangle propagules have been intentionally introduced. R. mangle is a fast growing species that can tolerate the wide range of environmental conditions found in coastal areas, although Krauss and Allen (2003) report that low salinity combined with reduced light, or simply low sunlight alone, appear to favour R. mangle growth. Davis SE III; Corronado-Molina C; Childers DL; Day JW Jr, 2003. Invasive mangrove removal and recovery: food web effects across a chronosequence. Vegetative reproduction through coppicing and suckers is possible but not common for red mangrove (Proffitt et al., 2006). Rhizophora mangle L., one of the most common mangrove species, has an aerial structure system that gives it stability in permanently swampy soils. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Duke JA, 1983. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit. Genbank common name: American mangrove NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species ... Rhizophora mangle, R. samoensis, R. racemosa, R. x harrisonii (Atlantic East … There is some confusion among authorities about whether R. mangle in the Pacific (Micronesia, Polynesia) is native or introduced (ISSG, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2015). R. mangle commonly forms dense monospecific stands in its native range, or is associated with the black mangrove (Avicennia germinans) and the white mangrove (Laguncularia racemosa) amongst other species. Such density-dependent disease development is well doc-umented in agricultural … Sun-shade adaptability of the red mangrove, Rhizophora mangle (Rhizophoraceae): changes through ontogeny at several levels of biological organization. Cattle will eat the leaves if lime is added to raise the pH, and leaves could serve as a valuable source of feed but this potential has yet to be realized (Duke and Allen, 2006). Laie Kihei, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Fruits dark brown, conical, about 3 cm long and 13 mm in diameter, with enlarged curved sepals, remaining attached. Species Profiles for Pacific Island Agroforestry. Invasive Species Specialist Group of the IUCN Species Survival Commission. However, the common name American mangrove is somewhat of a misnomer, as the species is also reported as native to West Africa, from Senegal to Nigeria (Duke, 1983; USDA-ARS, 2015). One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Rhizophora mangle. synonym for Rhizophora racemosa G. F. W. Meyer: Plantae: Rhizophora mangle var. January, 2010. Stand structure and productivity of the introduced Rhizophora mangle in Hawaii. Demopoulos AWJ; Smith CR, 2010. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Following fertilization, propagules exhibit continuous development from flower to germinated seedling while still attached to the parent plant, with no dormant or seed phase, and whereas the propagules resemble seed pods, they are actually embryonic root structures. It has one accepted variety from the noniminate species, Lumnitzera racemosa var. It can colonize areas rapidly and form dense, naturally monospecific stands that outcompete other species, and as such is an essential component of native ecosystems, though it is occasionally noted as weedy where native. The abundance of fruit set is noted to be markedly seasonal in southern Florida, with maximum fruit production occurring in the autumn (Gill and Tomlinson, 1969). (1991) note R. mangle as a weed in Nicaragua and the USA, but with no information on impacts. January, 2010. Timyan J, 1996. Walsh et al. Duke JA, 1983. mangrove preferred. Bark grey or grey-brown, smooth and thin on small trunks, becoming furrowed and thick on larger ones. Fort Pierce, Florida, USA: Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce. The most direct impact they have had on endangered waterbirds is the invasion of foraging and nesting habitat where none of the species will forage or nest (Cox and Allen, 1999). http://www.traditionaltree.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015. http://plants.usda.gov/. PIER, 2015. by Dodd, R. S.]. Mangroves as alien species: the case of Hawaii. Biotropica, 32(2):299-306. The Plant List: a working list of all plant species. Rhizophora mangle (red mangrove); propagules. 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