In Italy, zucchini and larger squashes are served in a variety of regional dishes, such as cocuzze alla puviredda cooked with olive oil, salt and herbs from Apulia; as torta di zucca from Liguria, or torta di zucca e riso from Emilia-Romagna, the squashes being made into a pie filling with butter, ricotta, parmesan, egg, and milk; and as a sauce for pasta in dishes like spaghetti alle zucchine from Sicily. , Halloween is widely celebrated with jack-o-lanterns made of large orange pumpkins carved with ghoulish faces and illuminated from inside with candles.  The following cladogram of Cucurbita phylogeny is based upon a 2002 study of mitochondrial DNA by Sanjur and colleagues. And now, the trusty pumpkin, along with all other squashes, should be considered fruits rather than vegetables.  The thick shell contains the seeds and pulp. The origin of C. ficifolia is Latin America, most likely southern Mexico, Central America, or the Andes. , Cucurbita fruits are large and fleshy.  Pumpkins are widely grown for commercial use and as food, aesthetics, and recreational purposes. , The ancestral species of the genus Cucurbita were present in the Americas before the arrival of humans, and are native to the New World. pepo. In Italy, it can be used with cheeses as a savory stuffing for ravioli. Highly Nutritious and Particularly Rich in Vitamin A. These effects vary significantly between the different species of Cucurbita.  The Keene Pumpkin Fest is held annually in New Hampshire; in 2013 it held the world record for the most jack-o-lanterns lit in one place, 30,581 on October 19, 2013.  In the US, pumpkin chucking is practiced competitively, with machines such as trebuchets and air cannons designed to throw intact pumpkins as far as possible.  Squash soup is a dish in African cuisine. Characteristics commonly used to define "pumpkin" include smooth and slightly ribbed skin, and deep yellow to orange color. Schulz. The other common vegetable members of this family are celery, carrot, dill, chervil, cilantro, parsley, and parsnip. Summer squash, long round slender fruit that is slightly bulbous at the apex. Five species are grown worldwide for their edible fruit, variously known as squash, pumpkin, or gourd, depending on species, variety, and local parlance,[a] and for their seeds. A type of stored phosphorus called phytate forms in seed tissues as spherical crystalline intrusions in protein bodies called globoids. Pumpkin pie, for instance, is a traditional part of Thanksgiving meals in Canada and the United States, and pumpkins are frequently carved as jack-o'-lanterns for decoration around Halloween, although commercially canned pumpkin purée and pumpkin pie fillings are usually made from different kinds of winter squash than the ones used for jack-o'-lanterns. Festivals are often dedicated to the pumpkin and these competitions. The fruits have many culinary uses including pumpkin pie, biscuits, bread, desserts, puddings, beverages, and soups. , Long before European contact, Cucurbita had been a major food source for the native peoples of the Americas, and the species became an important food for European settlers, including the Pilgrims, even featuring at the first Thanksgiving. Circa 2005, white pumpkins had become increasingly popular in the United States. The flowers are often showy and unisex and produce large fruits known as pepos. Members of the family are annual or perennial herbaceous plants; many are climbing or trailing vines with characteristic tendrils. There is wide variation in size, shape, and color among Cucurbita fruits, and even within a single species. A Leading Pumpkin Supplier in Missouri: Bankhead Vegetables.  Cucurbita plants grown in the spring tend to grow larger than those grown in the autumn. By c. 8,000 years BP the C. pepo peduncles found are consistently more than 10 millimeters (0.39 in) thick. With so many pumpkin recipes, there's no need to limit yourself to just one. It makes wild Cucurbita and most ornamental gourds, with the exception of an occasional C. fraterna and C. sororia, bitter to taste. tapeworms in over 89% of cases. The traditional American pumpkin used for jack-o-lanterns is the Connecticut field variety. , Cucurbitacin is a plant steroid present in wild Cucurbita and in each member of the family Cucurbitaceae.  In C. foetidissima, a weedy species, plants younger than 19 days old are not able to sprout from the roots after removing the shoots.  Gibberellin is also involved in other developmental processes of plants such as seed and stem growth. In Myanmar, pumpkins are used in both cooking and desserts (candied). Gourds are usually smaller and harder-skinned, and are more often used for decoration than as a cooking ingredient. , Pumpkin seed oil, a thick oil pressed from roasted pumpkin seeds, appears red or green in color depending on the oil layer thickness, container properties and hue shift of the observer's vision. Summer and winter squashes, creeper traits and a semi-shrub, cream to dark green color, short round fruit with a slightly broad apex.  Various combinations of mineral nutrients and light have a significant effect during the various stages of plant growth. , The plant hormone gibberellin, produced in the stamens, is essential for the development of all parts of the male flowers.  When used for cooking or as a salad dressing, pumpkin seed oil is generally mixed with other oils because of its robust flavor. Plants in the Cucurbitaceae family, also called pumpkin family, are recognizable by their vines, which have round, deep-lobed and alternately arranged leaves; by their male and female flowers; and by their large, flat seeds.  In addition to being the 4th largest producer of squashes in the world, the United States is the world's largest importer of squashes, importing 271,614 metric tons in 2011, 95 percent of that from Mexico. It is known to have appeared in Missouri, United States, at least 4,000 years ago. and Fitzgerald, Kathleen.  A more recent theory by botanist Thomas Andres in 1987 is that descendants of C. fraterna hybridized with C. texana, resulting in two distinct domestication events in two different areas: one in Mexico and one in the eastern United States, with C. fraterna and C. texana, respectively, as the ancestral species. , Pumpkins, like other squash, originated in northeastern Mexico and southern United States. Pumpkin seeds, also known as pepitas, are edible and nutrient-rich.  This evidence was found in the Guilá Naquitz cave in Oaxaca, Mexico, during a series of excavations in the 1960s and 1970s, possibly beginning in 1959.  It retards the development of parasitic flukes when administered to infected host mice, although the effect is only seen if administration begins immediately after infection.  The female flowers of C. argyrosperma and C. ficifolia have larger corollas than the male flowers. The yellow or orange flowers on a Cucurbita plant are of two types: female and male.  Also, in 2001 depictions of this genus were identified in Grandes Heures of Anne of Brittany (Les Grandes Heures d'Anne de Bretagne), a French devotional book, an illuminated manuscript created between 1503 and 1508.  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